Ozone Action Days
Air quality is variable and dependent upon a number of factors including sunlight, temperature, wind speed and direction. Like the weather, it can change from day to day or even hour to hour. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and others are working to make local air quality information as available to the public as weather information. Ozone Action Days is our local central Arkansas program coordinated through Metroplan and the Central Arkansas Clean Cities Coalition in cooperation with the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH), Arkansas Division of Environmental Quality (DEQ), and the Arkansas Highway and Transportation Department (AHTD). Counties included in the program are Pulaski, Faulkner, Lonoke and Saline.
Air pollution affects everyone. Every day, the average adult breathes over 3,000 gallons of air. Children breathe even more air per pound of body weight and are thus more susceptible to air pollution. Children are also at a greater risk than adults because they are more active outdoors and their lungs are still developing. The elderly are more sensitive than healthy adults to air pollution because senior citizens may have conditions related to aging, such as heart or lung disease. When people have a short-term exposure to air pollutants above certain levels, they may experience temporary health concerns, such as eye irritation and burning, throat irritation, and difficulty breathing. Long-term exposure to air pollution can cause chronic health concerns, such as cancer and damage to the body's immune, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems.
Since the inception of the Ozone Action Days program in 1998, the participating agencies have worked to increase public awareness of ozone-related health risks and ways to reduce ozone precursor emissions. "Ozone Action Alerts" are declared when ozone forecasts indicate that the next day’s conditions could support the formation of high concentrations of ground level ozone. The Ozone Action Days program emphasis is on providing notification about predicted high ozone episodes with suggestions for voluntary actions to protect public health, especially those populations identified as most at risk, and ways in which individuals and groups can work to reduce the production of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds released into our air.
The air quality professionals of DEQ Air Policy and Planning create the daily ozone forecast. Several external resources and tools are used in support of these forecasts. Little Rock’s National Weather Service Forecast Office provides current meteorological condition and next day meteorological forecasts that provide valuable input into decision trees and statistical analysis processes. Ozone monitors throughout the state provide the real-time ozone data for use in forecasting and also supply the data to produce AIRNow’s animated ozone maps. Please access the daily ozone forecast and incorporate the health protection recommendations into your plans for the following day. Remember that ozone forecasting is a prediction of tomorrow’s ground level ozone concentrations. While the ozone forecasters do their best to be as accurate as possible, because it is a prediction, occasionally they are incorrect.
As of Ozone Season 2000, ozone forecasts for the Little Rock/North Little Rock MSA have been posted on DEQ’s website and EPA’s AIRNow website each day from May through September. Arkansas’ Ozone Action Days program and 165 other cities across the United States use the format of EPA's Air Quality Index (AQI) to clearly display predicted ozone levels. The AQI format focuses on the health effects of breathing polluted air. The AQI is like a yardstick that runs from 0 to 500. The higher the AQI value, the greater the level of air pollution and health risk. A specific color has been assigned to each AQI category to make it easier for people to quickly understand the significance of air pollution levels. By 3:00 p.m., the daily ozone forecast is posted on this Web page.
Ozone Action Day Alerts and Advisories are issued when ground-level ozone concentrations in the Little Rock/North Little Rock MSA are forecast to be in exceedance of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The EPA has more information about the NAAQS. The predicted Air Quality Index on these days will be in the unhealthy range. Fax or email notification will be provided to local news media, employers, and other participating organizations or interested individuals (usually by 4:00 p.m.).
There are now two basic types of Ozone Action Days:
- An Ozone Action Advisory will be declared when the AQI forecast is code orange, indicating that prolonged outdoor exertion is UNHEALTHY FOR SENSITIVE GROUPS (i.e., children and persons with asthma or other breathing problems).
- An Ozone Action Alert will be declared when the AQI forecast is code red, indicating that prolonged outdoor exertion is UNHEALTHY FOR EVERYONE.
In addition, UNUSUALLY SENSITIVE PEOPLE should routinely check the AQI as reported in newspapers and on the radio, television, and the Internet and consider limiting prolonged outdoor exertion when the AQI is code yellow.
A website dedicated to Ozone Action Days information has been set up by Metroplan. DEQ advises Metroplan on ozone-related issues and provides support.
DEQ’s Laboratory and Monitoring Services staff calculates the local Air Quality Index (AQI), not to be confused with the Ozone Forecast. It is a scale used to report actual levels of ozone and the other four major atmospheric pollutants of concern. The higher the AQI value the greater the health concern.
- Today's AQI (Little Rock) (Posted by 10 a.m. Daily)
- Today's AQI (Springdale) (Posted by 10 a.m. Daily)